In Part I, we looked at the statement given by Oscar Pistorius at his bail hearing. We examined his language describing the beginning of events on February 14, 2013. The way a subject describes events assists the interviewer in formulating questions to establish truthful, deceptive and sensitive parts of the statement. We cannot judge a person’s words by our own sense of logic, we must adapt to that of the subject. Let’s continue with another portion of his story.
During the early morning hours of 14 February 2013, I woke up, went onto the balcony to bring the fan in and closed the sliding doors, the blinds and the curtains. I heard a noise in the bathroom and realised that someone was in the bathroom. I felt a sense of terror rushing over me. There are no burglar bars across the bathroom window and I knew that contractors who worked at my house had left the ladders outside. Although I did not have my prosthetic legs on I have mobility on my stumps. I believed that someone had entered my house. I was too scared to switch a light on.
Let’s first examine the emotions Pistorius claims to have by looking at how we react in situations. Which is the most realistic scenario?
A car has gone through a red light and is coming straight at you. You swerve, you concentrate on averting an accident. 10 blocks later you start to shake realizing how close you had come to being hit.
A car has gone through a red light and is coming straight at you. You stop and say to yourself. “I’m so scared”, then you swerve to avert a collision.
The events in scenario I are more realistic. Adrenaline and survival instincts kick in and people concentrate on that rather than thinking about what their emotions are at the time. Pistorius said “I felt a sense of terror washing over me.” Emotions in a truthful statement do not occur at the peak of the story, they occur after the incident. The incident itself is so overwhelming that the subject immediately goes into survival mode. When a deceptive subject inserts emotions at the peak of the incident it is an indicator that they are deceptive and are bolstering their story.
Then he states “I was too scared to turn the light on”. This also occurs at the peak of the incident and unreliable. What is even more interesting to observe is that darkness usually adds to the stress of the incident & most people would turn the light on.
Pistorius also interrupts the flow of the story to announce his prosthetics were off. People will interrupt the flow of their statement prop up their story with unnecessary information. Whether his prosthetics were on or off at this time is immaterial to the events occurring in his statement at this very time.
On my way to the bathroom I screamed words to the effect for him/them to get out of my house and for Reeva to phone the police. It was pitch dark in the bedroom and I thought Reeva was in bed.
The words ” on my way” indicate more of a casual movement rather than the sense of urgency where he had stated he “felt a sense of terror” earlier. He also goes on to talk about the dark again. He also says “words to the effect” which means that he is not citing what he actually said he is rephrasing.
He then continues that it was dark & he thought Reeva was in bed. What he is doing is using the darkness and linking to the earlier words “I was too scared to turn on the light” to justify why he didn’t know where Reeva was.
Also, if he was on the balcony closing things up and heard something in the bathroom why didn’t he check first if Reeva was in there? Automatically he went into “feeling as sense of terror”.
It filled me with horror and fear of an intruder or intruders being inside the toilet. I thought he or they must have entered through the unprotected window. As I did not have my prosthetic legs on and felt extremely vulnerable, I knew I had to protect Reeva and myself. I believed that when the intruder/s came out of the toilet we would be in grave danger. I felt trapped as my bedroom door was locked and I have limited mobility on my stumps.
Again we have emotions occurring at the peak of the story and now he is filled with “terror and fear” Also why would Pistorius feel trapped if his bedroom door was locked? For most people the locked door would be a sense of comfort creating a bigger barrier between himself and the alleged intruders.
Now he is also stating that he has “limited mobility on his stumps” where earlier he had told us he had mobility on his stumps. Which is it? Either you do or you don’t.
In Part III we will explore the language surround the firing of the gun.
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The SCAN technique (Scientific Content Analysis) is a methodology used to examine truthful and deceptive points in language. The technique uses a consistent formula in the analysis of linguistic patterns in individuals. Therefore, regardless of the subject’s education, profession or cultural background, the same consistent measures are used to measure the subjects’ words. SCAN is used in the analysis of statements written by the subject, interview transcripts, and oral interviews